After its accession to the EU in 2007, Romania started preparations in order to join the Schengen area, which represents the last step to becoming an area of free movement. Until then, the entry on Romanian territory implies a series of conditions for both EU citizens and third-country nationals.
EU/EEA/Swiss citizens do not need a visa when crossing the border to Romania but they are required to present a valid national passport or any document recognized by the Romanian state that certifies their identity. However, one’s stay on national territory cannot exceed 3 months. In such a case, one’s residence must be registered at the territorial offices of the General Inspectorate for Immigration (IGI).
Citizens of non-EU/EEA countries are required at border crossing points to present a passport and a valid entry visa and an invitation (if required). Please check the list of countries whose nationals do not need entry visas for Romania, but the law requires them to present a valid passport at customs. Depending on the period of the academic activity in Romania, non-EU/EEA citizens must apply either for ashort or long stay visa at the diplomatic missions and consular offices. A list can be found on the official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
! In order to maintain public order and security, Romanian authorities may deny access on national territory even to third-country nationals who have obtained a visa but only by presenting a written decision stating the reasons for this measure. More details can be found on the official website of the Romanian Border Police, Entry Conditions section.