The intellectual property regarded from the perspective of its two components - industrial property on the one hand, and copyright and related rights on the other hand - is one of the basic mechanisms of economic, social and cultural development of the nation.
In this context, it may be considered that protection of intellectual property rights has a great importance; its essence, purpose and finality are to protect the product of the human intellect, and, at the same time, to guarantee the consumers benefit from using this product.
Closely connected to this field is the research - development and innovation activity, which is a strategic component, decisive for the economic development and social progress.
Science, technology and innovation represent domains that constantly generate technological progress, ensuring the durability of the development and of the future economic competitiveness of Romania.
According to Government Decision no. 573/1998, the State Office for Inventions and Trademarks is the specialized body of the central public administration, subordinated to the Government, as the sole authority for ensuring the protection of industrial property, which elaborates and presents to the Government for approval the strategy for developing the protection of industrial property in Romania and applies the Government policy in the field.
The Romanian Copyright Office is organized and functions according to Government Decision no. 758/2003 as the specialized body subordinated to the Government, as the sole authority on the territory of Romania concerning the registry, observation and control of the legislation application in the field of copyright and related rights.